city managers

City managers—who are generally full-time workers—are expected to be nonpartisan and politically neutral as they carry out the decisions of the council or mayor. The International City/County Management Association (ICMA), External link  a professional organization for city and county managers, states in its ICMA Code of Ethics External link  that city managers should avoid political activity (other than voting). City managers following this code of ethics should refrain from campaigning on behalf of candidates, donating to political campaigns, and displaying political allegiances with bumper stickers or yard signs. If city managers violate the code, they can lose their ICMA membership. City managers are generally less public-facing, but it is becoming more commonplace for city managers to participate in community events and serve on community boards.